David L. DUNNER David Dunner, MD, FACPsych earned his AA at George Washington University in Washington, DC, and his MD at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, Missouri. After graduating, he completed his internship at Philadelphia General Hospital in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and his residency in psychiatry at Washington University School of Medicine. He then spent two years at the NIMH and was involved in research studies of bipolar depression. Among these research studies was the development of the concept of bipolar spectrum disorders - particularly, Bipolar I and Bipolar II. After NIMH, Dr. Dunner spent eight years at Columbia University and the New York State Psychiatric Institute. Of note, while at Columbia University, Dr. Dunner helped identify rapid cycling Bipolar Disorder as a major factor leading to poor treatment outcome with lithium. From 1978 to 2006, Dr. Dunner was a professor at the University of Washington. He was Chief of Psychiatry at Harborview Medical Center and later the Director of the University of Washington Psychiatry Outpatient Center. He was Director of the Center for Anxiety and Depression while at the University, and has now made this center into a private consulting psychiatric practice located in Mercer Island, WA. Dr. Dunner is currently an Emeritus Professor at the University of Washington in Seattle. Dr. Dunner is a member of numerous scientific organizations, serves on several editorial boards, and he is the Editor-in-Chief of Comprehensive Psychiatry. Dr. Dunner’s research interests were primarily devoted to psychopharmacological and psychotherapeutic treatments for mood and anxiety disorders. He has authored or co-authored more than 300 articles and edited or co-edited more than 10 books. His clinical focus is on difficult to treat patients with depression and bipolar disorders, using methods such as repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) and other augmentation strategies.